Guajillo chile (chile guajillo in Spanish) is a variety of chili pepper of the species Capsicum annuum, which is widely used in the cuisine of Mexico. The guajillo chilli’s thin, deep-red flesh has a green tea flavor with berry overtones. Its fruits are large and mild in flavor, with only a small amount of heat (rating 2,500 to 5,000 on the Scoville scale). They are used to make the salsa for tamales; the dried fruits are seeded, soaked, pulverized to a thin paste, then cooked with salt and several other ingredients to produce a thick, red, flavorful sauce.
Chile de arbol
The Chile de árbol (Spanish for tree chili) is a small, but potent Mexican chili pepper which is also known as bird’s beak chile and rat’s tail chile. These chilis are about 2 to 3 inches (5.1 to 7.6 cm) long, and 1⁄4 to 3⁄8 inch (0.63 to 0.95 cm) in diameter. Their heat index is between 15,000 and 30,000 Scoville units. The peppers are a bright red color when mature.
The cultivar, ‘NuMex Big Jim’ has smooth green foliage with small white flowers. The Pod color begins as green and matures into a rich red. Largest New Mexican Pepper. Pod is thick, pointed and measures up to 12 inches long by 2.5 inches wide. Mild taste. C. annuum is very diverse since it includes both hot and sweet peppers but common to most are smooth green leaves and strong branches. It is thought to have originated in Bolivia or Southern Brazil.